## Admissions and Precourses

### Admissions Asian DDS Program

**INFORMATIONS FOR CANDIDATES**** TO DENTISTRY PROGRAM**

In order to apply or get more information, the candidates to the Asia MD and DDS Program are requested to contact our representatives in Manila, Philippine:

**Jimmy Lin**

phone:+88 69322 64755 (Taiwan)

+86 13818707272 (China)

e-mail: jimmy@liemg.com

www.liemg.com

The application packets should be sent to the following address:

**LIEMG**

9F No 16 Sec

1 Hankou St. Zhongzheng Dist

Taipei City

Taiwan

The applicants are requested to submit the following documents:

- A completed application form.
- High School Diploma.
- English Language Certificte
- Motivational letter.
- Photocopy of the applicant's passport.
- Health certificate.
- Five passport photographs 3.5 x 5.5 cm signed on the other side (no head cover please).

**All the submitted documents should be originals or certified copies (i.e. originally sealed and signed by the eligible institution/person).**

If the documents are not written in English, they **must be accompanied by translations (into English or Polish)** certified by an approved institution (e.g. the issuing body or a sworn translator).

You can download application form & health certificate form from here:

All candidates will take an entrance exam. **For the academic year 2018/2019, the obligatory subjects are biology and mathematics; in addition to that, a candidate chooses one elective subject: physics or chemistry.**

**Entrance examination**

**BASIC INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES**

Each candidate should arrive at the examination venue at least ** 30 minutes before the commencement** of the examination.

__To be allowed into the exam, candidates should have a valid, photo ID (passport, driver’s license.__

If you paid and your application isn’t marked as complete, please bring your payment confirmation for the exam.

**No additional time will be granted for those who are late.**

Please make sure you arrive at the right place: the address of the entrance examination is ul. __Chodźki 4A (Collegium Pharmaceuticum), Lecture Hall at the ground floor __

1. The entrance examination consists of **100 MCQ** questions:

- biology – 35,
- mathematics– 35,
- physics/chemistry– 30.

3. Each question has 5 answers, but only **one is correct**.

4. The maximum points is **100** - every positive answer is 1 point.

5. The examination lasts 45 minutes for each subject:

- Chemistry/Physics starts at
**9.00** - Biology starts at
**10.00** - Mathematics starts
**12.00**

6. Candidate, who is late more than 15 minutes for a particular part will not be allowed to sit for examination.

7. Candidates **are permitted** to take the following items into examination:

- pens and pencils

- water

8. Candidates **are not permitted** to take the following items into examination:

- bags (including handbags)

- wallets

- food

- mobile phones, mp3 players and other electronic devices, watches

- books and any dictionaries

### Entrance examination - topics:

**Biology**

**The Cell**: Plasma Membrane: Structure

- The Fluid Mosaic Model
- Membrane Junctions

**The Cell**: Plasma Membrane: Membrane Transport

- Passive Processes
- Active Processes

**The Cell**: Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm - composition

- Cytoplasmic Organells (structure and function) mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi aparatus, lysosomes, peroxisomes, cytoskeleton,
- Cellular Extensions cilia and flagella, microvilli

**The Cell**: Nucleus (structure and function)

- The Nuclear Envelope
- Nucleoli
- Chromatin

**Cell Growth and Reproduction **

- The Cell Life Cycle (Interphase: G1, G0,G2,GS and M in general)
- Protein Synthesis (transcription, translation in general)

**Human tissues - classification and the most characteristic features**

Epithelial Tissue

Connective Tissue

Nervous Tissue

Muscle Tissue

The Skin

- Epidermidis
- Dermis

Functions of the Integumentary System, as follow

- Protection
- Body Temperature Regulation
- Cutaneous Sensation
- Metabolic Functions
- Blood Reservoir

- Excretion

**Classification and Functions of Bones **

Bone Structure

- Gross Anatomy
- Microscopic Anatomy of Bone
- Chemical Composition of Bone

Axial skeleton:

- skull:

Bones: frontal, parietal, occipical, mandible, maxilla, temporal, zygomatic, nasal; external auditory canal, styloid process, foramen magnum; the orbits, nasal cavity, the hyoid bone

- vertebral column

General Characteristics, Regions and Curvatures, intervertebral disc, General Structure of Vertebrae

- thoracic cage

Appendicular skeleton (list and classifies the bones):

- pectoral (shoulder) girdle
- upper limb
- pelvic (hip) gridle
- lower limb

**Classification and function of joints **

Fibrous Joints

Cartilaginous Joints

Synovial Joints

- General Structure
- Bursae and Tendon Sheaths

**Types of Muscle Tissue**

Special Characteristics of Muscle Tissue

Muscle Functions

Skeletal Muscle

- Gross Anatomy of a Skeletal Muscle
- Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle Fiber
- Sliding Filament Model of Contraction
- Physiology of Skeletal Muscle Fibers

- Muscle Metabolism
- Providing Energy for Contraction (aerobic, anaerobic respiration)

Smooth Muscle

- Microscopic Structure of Smooth Muscle Fibers
- Contraction of Smooth Muscle

**Blood **

Blood composition and functions.

Blood plasma.

Formed elements.

- Erythrocytes (Red Blood Cells)
- Leukocytes (White Blood Cells)
- Platelets

**Lymphatic system** (list the organs and known their function)

lymph

lymphatic vessels

lymph nodes

Spleen

Thymus

tonsils

**Innate defenses:**

Surface barriers: skin and mucosae.

Phagocytes

Natural Killer Cells

Interferon

**Adaptive defenses**

anitgens - definition

Lymphocytes T and B

**The circulatory system**

The pulmonary and systemic circuits (main characteristic, differences between them)

Basic anatomy of the Heart

- Location
- Coverings of the Heart (pericardium)
- Layers of the Heart Wall
- Chambers and Associated Great Vessels

- Heart Valves
- Pathway of Blood Through the Heart

Coronary Circulation (right and left coronary artery, coronary sinus; function of coronary circulation)

Type of blood vessels

**Respiratory system**

Basic Anatomy and function of Respiratory System (list the organs of respiratory system and provide their function)

- The Nose and Paranasal Sinuses
- The Pharynx
- The Larynx
- The Trachea
- The Bronchi and Subdivisions
- The Lungs and Pleurae

**The digestive system**

Basic anatomy and function of digestive system (list the organs of digestive system and provide their function)

- The Mouth and Associated Organs
- The Mouth
- The Tongue
- The Salivary Glands
- The Teeth
- The Pharynx
- The Esophagus
- The Stomach
- Small intestine
- Large intestine

Digestive system accessory glands (function, localization)

The Liver and Gallbladder

The Pancreas

**The urinary system**

Kidney

- Location and external anatomy

- Internal Gross Anatomy
- Nephrons

Kidney Physiology: Mechanism of Urine Formation

- Step 1: Glomerular Filtration
- Step 2: Tubular Reabsorption

- Step 3: Tubular Secretion

Urine Transport, Storage, and Elimination

- Ureters
- Urinary Bladder
- Urethra
- Micturition

**The endocrine system and hormones**

Hormones

Pituitary-Hypothalamic Relationships

Anterior Pituitary Hormones

The Posterior Pituitary and Hypothalamic Hormones

The Thyroid Gland

The Parathyroid Glands

The Adrenal (Suprarenal) Glands

The Pancreas

The Gonads and Placenta

Pineal gland

**The male reproductive system.**

Basic Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System

- The Scrotum
- The Testes
- The Male Perineum
- The Penis
- The Male Duct System
- The Male Accessory Glands (seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands)
- Semen
- Spermatogenesis (what it is, what type of cell division is implicated in sperm production)
- male hormons

**The female reproductive system.**

Basic Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

- The Ovaries
- The Female Duct System
- The External Genitalia
- The Mammary Glands
- female hormones
- oogenesis (what it is, what type of cell division is implicated in ovum production)

Fertilization- definition

**The nervous system**

Functions and Divisions of the Nervous System (Central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system)

Neurons and glial cells

Basis of action potential

Basic structure of synaps

Neurotransmitters

Brain (structure, function and localisation)

Spinal cord (structure, function and localisation)

Protection of the Brain

- Meninges
- Cerebrospinal Fluid

**Organs of sensation**

The Eye

- Accessory Structures of the Eye
- Structure of the Eyeball
- Photoreceptors

The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell (organs)

The Ear: Hearing and Balance

- basic division of ear
- ear function

### Mathematics

**Number **

Routine use of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, using integers, decimals and fractions, including order of operations.

Simple positive exponents.

Simplification of expressions involving roots (surds or radicals).

Prime numbers and factors, including greatest common divisors and least common multiples.

Simple applications of ratio, percentage and proportion, linked to similarity.

Definition and elementary treatment of absolute value (modulus), ǀ *a* ǀ .

Rounding, decimal approximations and significant figures, including appreciation of errors.

Expression of numbers in standard form (scientific notation), that is, *a *×10* ^{k} *, 1≤

*a*<10.

**Sets and numbers **

Concept and notation of sets, elements, universal (reference) set, empty (null) set, complement, subset, equality of sets, disjoint sets.

Operations on sets: union and intersection.

Commutative, associative and distributive properties.

Venn diagrams.

Number systems: natural numbers; integers; rationals and irrationals; real numbers.

Intervals on the real number line using set notation and using inequalities. Expressing the solution set of a linear inequality on the number line and in set notation.

Mappings of the elements of one set to another. Illustration by means of sets of ordered pairs, tables, diagrams and graphs.

**Algebra **

Manipulation of simple algebraic expressions involving factorization and expansion, including quadratic expressions.

Rearrangement, evaluation and combination of simple formulae. Examples from other subject areas, particularly the sciences, should be included.

The linear function and its graph, gradient and *y*-intercept.

Addition and subtraction of algebraic fractions.

The properties of order relations: <, ≤, >, ≥ .

Solution of equations and inequalities in one variable, including cases with rational coefficients.

Solution of simultaneous equations in two variables.

**Trigonometry **

Angle measurement in degrees. Compass directions and three figure bearings.

Right-angle trigonometry. Simple applications for solving triangles.

Pythagoras’ theorem and its converse.

**Geometry **

Simple geometric transformations: translation, reflection, rotation, enlargement. Congruence and similarity, including the concept of scale factor of an enlargement.

The circle, its centre and radius, area and circumference. The terms “arc”, “sector”, “chord”, “tangent” and “segment”.

Perimeter and area of plane figures. Properties of triangles and quadrilaterals, including parallelograms, rhombuses, rectangles, squares, kites and trapeziums (trapezoids); compound shapes.

Volumes of prisms, pyramids, spheres, cylinders and cones.

**Coordinate geometry**

Elementary geometry of the plane, including the concepts of dimension for point, line, plane and space. The equation of a line in the form *y *= *mx *+ *c *.

Parallel and perpendicular lines, including *m _{1} *=

*m*and

_{2}*m*= −1.

_{1}m_{2}Geometry of simple plane figures.

The Cartesian plane: ordered pairs (*x*, *y*) , origin, axes.

Mid-point of a line segment and distance between two points in the Cartesian plane and in three dimensions.

**Statistics and probability**

Descriptive statistics: collection of raw data; display of data in pictorial and diagrammatic forms, including pie charts, pictograms, stem and leaf diagrams, bar graphs and line graphs.

Obtaining simple statistics from discrete and continuous data, including mean, median, mode, quartiles, range, interquartile range.

Calculating probabilities of simple events.

**Physics**

**SI units.**How to convert units from one unit system to another.**Vectors.**Scalars. Graphical representation of vectors. Examples of vectors. Addition of vectors and subtraction of vector**Forces.**NET force. Force diagrams. Newton’s laws of motion. Normal force. Friction force. Tension.**Motion.**Displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration. Displacement-time graphs. Velocity-time graphs. Acceleration-time graphs. Circular motion. Linear motion equations**Momentum.**Impulse. Law of conservation of linear momentum. Elastic and inelastic collisions.**Work and energy**. Types of energy. Mechanical energy. Law of conservation of mechanical energy. Power.**Newtonian Gravitation.**Mass and weight. Falling bodies.**Simple Harmonic Motion.**Vibrating mass on a spring. Simple pendulums.**Waves.**Properties and types of waves. Transverse and longitudinal waves. Characteristics of waves (amplitude, wavelength, period, frequency, speed).-
**Sound.**Nature of sound. Ultrasounds. Speed of sound. -
**Gasses .**Ideal gasses. Pressure of a gas. Kinetic theory of gasses. -
**Solids.**Deformation of solids . Strain, stress. Elastic behavior. -
**Fluids.**Pressure. Archimedes' principle. Buoyancy. Flotation. Pascal's Principle -
**Properties of matter.**Phases of matter. Density. Change of phase. **Heat.**Temperature. Thermal expansion. Heat and temperature change: specific heat capacity. Heat and phase change: latent heat. Heat transfer. Temperature scale.**Electrostatics.**Charge. Coulomb’s law. Electric field. Electrical potential. Strength of the electric field.-
**Electricity.**Voltage, current and resistance. Ohm’s law. Power in electric circuits. Capacitor. Capacitance. Series and parallel circuits. Kirchhoff’s rules. -
**Magnetism.**Magnetic fields. Long, straight current-carrying wires. Moving charged particles in magnetic field. -
**The electromagnetic spectrum.**Nature of electromagnetic waves. Speed of light. -
**Geometrical optics.**Lenses. Curved mirrors. Ray diagrams. Magniﬁcation. Refraction. Reﬂection. Law of reﬂection. Law of refraction. Splitting of white light. **The Atom.**Structure of the atom. Isotopes. Ionization energy.-
**Radioactivity.**Decay law. Danger of the ionizing radiation. Nuclear α, β, and γ rays.

**Chemistry**

**1 Matter and measurement **

The metric system

Mass

Length

Volume

Density

Temperature

Three states of matter

**2 The composition of matter **

The atom

Charge

Atomic number

Atomic mass

The structure of atoms

Isotopes

Elements

Atomic weight

The periodic table

**3 Chemical bonding **

The chemical bond

Covalent bonding

The molecule

Polar covalent bonds

Valence

Naming covalent compounds

Ions

Charges of ions

Ionic bonds

**4 Compounds and chemical change**

Formula or molecular weight of compounds

The mole

Chemical reactions

Balancing chemical equations

Interpreting equations

Calculations based on equations

Types of reactions

Oxidation-reduction reactions

Energy and chemical reactions

Reversibility of reactions

Rate of a reaction

**5 Gases and respiration **

Kinetic molecular theory

Diffusion

Temperature

Pressure

The gas laws: pressure and volume

The gas laws: pressure and temperature

The gas laws: volume and temperature

The gas laws: the quantity of gas

Air and partial pressures

**6 Water **

The structure of water

Kinetic theory of liquids and solids

Evaporation

Heat and the states of water

Density

Surface tension

Viscosity

Water pressure

**7 Solutions **

Types of solutions

The process of dissolving

Solubility of solids

Saturation

The solubility of liquids and gases

Concentration of solutions—percentage

Molarity

Dilution of solutions

Osmosis

Colloids

**8 Acids, bases, and salts**

Acids

Properties of acids

Bases

Properties of bases

The pH of acids and bases

Measurement of pH

Neutralization

Salts and hydrolysis

Buffers

**9 Organic chemistry—hydrocarbons **

Alkanes

Reactions of alkanes

Alkenes

Reactions of alkenes

Alkynes

Cycloalkanes

Aromatic hydrocarbons—benzene

Properties of benzene

Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons

**10 Oxygen derivatives of the hydrocarbons **

Functional groups

Alcohols

Examples of alcohols

Reactions of alcohols

Ethers

Reactions of ethers

Aldehydes

Reactions of aldehydes

Ketones

Acids

Reactions of acids

Esters

Reactions of esters

**11 Other organic derivatives and polymers **

Halogen derivatives

Sulfur derivatives

Nitrogen derivatives—amines

Reactions of amines

Nitrogen derivatives—amides

Heterocyclic nitrogen compounds

Nitrogen derivatives—alkaloids

Other nitrogen derivatives

Organic polymers

Addition polymers

Condensation polymers

**12 Carbohydrates **

Classification of carbohydrates

Monosaccharides

Open and closed forms of monosaccharides

Glucose

Other hexoses—galactose and fructose

Disaccharides

Polysaccharides

Reactions of carbohydrates

Optical isomers and carbohydrates

**13 Lipids **

Fatty acids

Soaps and detergents

Waxes

Fats and oils

Properties of fats and oils

**14 Proteins **

The amino acids

Properties of amino acids

Primary structure of proteins

Secondary structure of proteins

Tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins

Examples of protein structure

Classification of proteins

Properties of proteins

Denaturation of proteins

**15 Basic mathematics for chemistry **

Fractions, decimals, and percent

Scientific (exponential) notation

Proportions and algebra

The unit-factor method

Metric system conversions

Conversions within the metric system

### Admissions International DDS Program

### ADMISSION INFORMATION

A candidate for the 5-year DDS Program should be a graduate from a secondary school with a good average in marks. He/she should also have Biology, Chemistry and Physics or Maths courses completed. The candidate should have high school diploma or matriculation equivalent necessary for admission to higher education institutions in the country in which the diploma was issued.

Also good knowledge in English language both written and oral is required.

After the confirmation of passing the entrance exam, the candidates should also send the application packets to the following address:

**Medical University of Lublin**

**English Division**

**Al. Racławickie 1**

**20-059 Lublin, Poland**

The candidates are requested to submit the following documents:

- A completed and signed application form.
- Original or certified copy of High School Diploma and transcript of grades.
- Motivational letter.
- Certified copy of the applicant's passport.
- Vaccination certificate (with hepatitis type B).
- International English Language Certificate. Attachment no. 2
If you do not hold IB diploma or EB diploma and your high school diploma was issued outside of EU, OECD or EFTA then please see the information concerning nostrification.__IMPORTANT!__

**All the submitted documents should be originals or certified copies (i.e. originally sealed and signed by the eligible institution/person). **

If the documents are not written in English, they **must be accompanied by translations (into English or Polish)** certified by an approved institution (e.g. the issuing body or a sworn translator).

**The deadline to submit all documents for candidates who passed the entrance exam is September 17.**

You can download application form & health certificate form from here:

**Online Application-more information**

Dear Candidates,

You have the link for the online application below.

https://applications2019.umlub.pl

You will have to fill in the following questionnaires and create your Candidate’s Profile in order to take part in the application.

First of all, you will need to choose the program. Then, you should give your personal details and education information.

When your profile is created, you can log in and complete the registration process by printing out the form and making the payment [either 20 EUR or 85 PLN]. ** The entrance fee is non-refundable**.

In case of any questions please contact admissions@umlub.pl

**APPLICATION will open on April 15,2019 and close on June 30, 2019.**

**The application process will start on April 15 and end on July 31, 2019.**

In order to be eligible for admission candiates must obtain at least 60% of all admission points [180 points]. Please see the applicable requirements depending if a candidate graduated from high school in one of EU OECD EFTA countries or not.

**In case of not filling all available seats the additional application process will take place between August 1 and September 30, 2019.**

In order to be eligible for admission candiates must obtain at least 50% of all admission points [150 points]. Please see the applicable requirements depending if a candidate graduated from high school in one of EU OECD EFTA countries or not.

EU OECD EFTA - the list of countries

How to resize/resample the photo

**Payment details:**

**IBAN**: PL

__SWIFT Code [EUR]____:__ BREX PL PW LUB

__SWIFT Code [PLN]____:__ BPKO PL PW

**Entrance examination - general information:**

**BASIC INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES**

__The entrance exam will take place on July 3, 2019. __

1. The entrance examination consists of **100 MCQ** questions:

- biology – 40,
- mathematics/physics/chemistry– 30.

3. Each question has 5 answers, but only **one is correct**.

4. The maximum points is **300**- every positive answer is 3 points.

5. The examination lasts 45 minutes for each subject:

6. Candidate, who is late more than 15 minutes for a particular part will not be allowed to sit for examination.

7. Candidates **are permitted** to take the following items into examination:

- pens and pencils

- water

8. Candidates **are not permitted** to take the following items into examination:

- bags (including handbags)

- wallets

- food

- mobile phones, mp3 players and other electronic devices, watches

- books and any dictionaries

### Full license to practice medicine

**All cadidates are obliged to check themselves the regulations concerning obtaining the license to practice medicine in the country where they plan to work.**

According to the Polish law, in order to obtain full qualifications leading to obtaining the right to practice the profession, a person with the Polish “Lekarz” (MD) or “Lekarz Dentysta” (DDS) degree diploma must still pass the Physician Final Examination __ (LEK)__ and Dentist Final Examination

__as well as complete an obligatory__

**(LDEK)**

__post-graduate internship (staż podyplomowy)____that lasts 13 months (for MD) and 12 months (for DDS). Only after having fulfilled those requirements, the graduate may receive a full license to practice.__

**in Polish**

Detailed information below

**Entrance Exam -topics:**

**Biology**

**The Cell**: Plasma Membrane: Structure

- The Fluid Mosaic Model
- Membrane Junctions

**The Cell**: Plasma Membrane: Membrane Transport

- Passive Processes
- Active Processes

**The Cell**: Cytoplasm

Cytoplasm - composition

- Cytoplasmic Organells (structure and function) mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi aparatus, lysosomes, peroxisomes, cytoskeleton,
- Cellular Extensions cilia and flagella, microvilli

**The Cell**: Nucleus (structure and function)

- The Nuclear Envelope
- Nucleoli
- Chromatin

**Cell Growth and Reproduction **

- The Cell Life Cycle (Interphase: G1, G0,G2,GS and M in general)
- Protein Synthesis (transcription, translation in general)

**Human tissues - classification and the most characteristic features**

Epithelial Tissue

Connective Tissue

Nervous Tissue

Muscle Tissue

The Skin

- Epidermidis
- Dermis

Functions of the Integumentary System, as follow

- Protection
- Body Temperature Regulation
- Cutaneous Sensation
- Metabolic Functions
- Blood Reservoir

- Excretion

**Classification and Functions of Bones **

Bone Structure

- Gross Anatomy
- Microscopic Anatomy of Bone
- Chemical Composition of Bone

Axial skeleton:

- skull:

Bones: frontal, parietal, occipical, mandible, maxilla, temporal, zygomatic, nasal; external auditory canal, styloid process, foramen magnum; the orbits, nasal cavity, the hyoid bone

- vertebral column

General Characteristics, Regions and Curvatures, intervertebral disc, General Structure of Vertebrae

- thoracic cage

Appendicular skeleton (list and classifies the bones):

- pectoral (shoulder) girdle
- upper limb
- pelvic (hip) gridle
- lower limb

**Classification and function of joints **

Fibrous Joints

Cartilaginous Joints

Synovial Joints

- General Structure
- Bursae and Tendon Sheaths

**Types of Muscle Tissue**

Special Characteristics of Muscle Tissue

Muscle Functions

Skeletal Muscle

- Gross Anatomy of a Skeletal Muscle
- Microscopic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle Fiber
- Sliding Filament Model of Contraction
- Physiology of Skeletal Muscle Fibers

- Muscle Metabolism
- Providing Energy for Contraction (aerobic, anaerobic respiration)

Smooth Muscle

- Microscopic Structure of Smooth Muscle Fibers
- Contraction of Smooth Muscle

**Blood **

Blood composition and functions.

Blood plasma.

Formed elements.

- Erythrocytes (Red Blood Cells)
- Leukocytes (White Blood Cells)
- Platelets

**Lymphatic system** (list the organs and known their function)

lymph

lymphatic vessels

lymph nodes

Spleen

Thymus

tonsils

**Innate defenses:**

Surface barriers: skin and mucosae.

Phagocytes

Natural Killer Cells

Interferon

**Adaptive defenses**

anitgens - definition

Lymphocytes T and B

**The circulatory system**

The pulmonary and systemic circuits (main characteristic, differences between them)

Basic anatomy of the Heart

- Location
- Coverings of the Heart (pericardium)
- Layers of the Heart Wall
- Chambers and Associated Great Vessels

- Heart Valves
- Pathway of Blood Through the Heart

Coronary Circulation (right and left coronary artery, coronary sinus; function of coronary circulation)

Type of blood vessels

**Respiratory system**

Basic Anatomy and function of Respiratory System (list the organs of respiratory system and provide their function)

- The Nose and Paranasal Sinuses
- The Pharynx
- The Larynx
- The Trachea
- The Bronchi and Subdivisions
- The Lungs and Pleurae

**The digestive system**

Basic anatomy and function of digestive system (list the organs of digestive system and provide their function)

- The Mouth and Associated Organs
- The Mouth
- The Tongue
- The Salivary Glands
- The Teeth
- The Pharynx
- The Esophagus
- The Stomach
- Small intestine
- Large intestine

Digestive system accessory glands (function, localization)

The Liver and Gallbladder

The Pancreas

**The urinary system**

Kidney

- Location and external anatomy

- Internal Gross Anatomy
- Nephrons

Kidney Physiology: Mechanism of Urine Formation

- Step 1: Glomerular Filtration
- Step 2: Tubular Reabsorption

- Step 3: Tubular Secretion

Urine Transport, Storage, and Elimination

- Ureters
- Urinary Bladder
- Urethra
- Micturition

**The endocrine system and hormones**

Hormones

Pituitary-Hypothalamic Relationships

Anterior Pituitary Hormones

The Posterior Pituitary and Hypothalamic Hormones

The Thyroid Gland

The Parathyroid Glands

The Adrenal (Suprarenal) Glands

The Pancreas

The Gonads and Placenta

Pineal gland

**The male reproductive system.**

Basic Anatomy of the Male Reproductive System

- The Scrotum
- The Testes
- The Male Perineum
- The Penis
- The Male Duct System
- The Male Accessory Glands (seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands)
- Semen
- Spermatogenesis (what it is, what type of cell division is implicated in sperm production)
- male hormons

**The female reproductive system.**

Basic Anatomy of the Female Reproductive System

- The Ovaries
- The Female Duct System
- The External Genitalia
- The Mammary Glands
- female hormones
- oogenesis (what it is, what type of cell division is implicated in ovum production)

Fertilization- definition

**The nervous system**

Functions and Divisions of the Nervous System (Central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system)

Neurons and glial cells

Basis of action potential

Basic structure of synaps

Neurotransmitters

Brain (structure, function and localisation)

Spinal cord (structure, function and localisation)

Protection of the Brain

- Meninges
- Cerebrospinal Fluid

**Organs of sensation**

The Eye

- Accessory Structures of the Eye
- Structure of the Eyeball
- Photoreceptors

The Chemical Senses: Taste and Smell (organs)

The Ear: Hearing and Balance

- basic division of ear
- ear function

### Mathematics

**Number **

Routine use of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, using integers, decimals and fractions, including order of operations.

Simple positive exponents.

Simplification of expressions involving roots (surds or radicals).

Prime numbers and factors, including greatest common divisors and least common multiples.

Simple applications of ratio, percentage and proportion, linked to similarity.

Definition and elementary treatment of absolute value (modulus), ǀ *a* ǀ .

Rounding, decimal approximations and significant figures, including appreciation of errors.

Expression of numbers in standard form (scientific notation), that is, *a *×10* ^{k} *, 1≤

*a*<10.

**Sets and numbers **

Concept and notation of sets, elements, universal (reference) set, empty (null) set, complement, subset, equality of sets, disjoint sets.

Operations on sets: union and intersection.

Commutative, associative and distributive properties.

Venn diagrams.

Number systems: natural numbers; integers; rationals and irrationals; real numbers.

Intervals on the real number line using set notation and using inequalities. Expressing the solution set of a linear inequality on the number line and in set notation.

Mappings of the elements of one set to another. Illustration by means of sets of ordered pairs, tables, diagrams and graphs.

**Algebra **

Manipulation of simple algebraic expressions involving factorization and expansion, including quadratic expressions.

Rearrangement, evaluation and combination of simple formulae. Examples from other subject areas, particularly the sciences, should be included.

The linear function and its graph, gradient and *y*-intercept.

Addition and subtraction of algebraic fractions.

The properties of order relations: <, ≤, >, ≥ .

Solution of equations and inequalities in one variable, including cases with rational coefficients.

Solution of simultaneous equations in two variables.

**Trigonometry **

Angle measurement in degrees. Compass directions and three figure bearings.

Right-angle trigonometry. Simple applications for solving triangles.

Pythagoras’ theorem and its converse.

**Geometry **

Simple geometric transformations: translation, reflection, rotation, enlargement. Congruence and similarity, including the concept of scale factor of an enlargement.

The circle, its centre and radius, area and circumference. The terms “arc”, “sector”, “chord”, “tangent” and “segment”.

Perimeter and area of plane figures. Properties of triangles and quadrilaterals, including parallelograms, rhombuses, rectangles, squares, kites and trapeziums (trapezoids); compound shapes.

Volumes of prisms, pyramids, spheres, cylinders and cones.

**Coordinate geometry**

Elementary geometry of the plane, including the concepts of dimension for point, line, plane and space. The equation of a line in the form *y *= *mx *+ *c *.

Parallel and perpendicular lines, including *m _{1} *=

*m*and

_{2}*m*= −1.

_{1}m_{2}Geometry of simple plane figures.

The Cartesian plane: ordered pairs (*x*, *y*) , origin, axes.

Mid-point of a line segment and distance between two points in the Cartesian plane and in three dimensions.

**Statistics and probability**

Descriptive statistics: collection of raw data; display of data in pictorial and diagrammatic forms, including pie charts, pictograms, stem and leaf diagrams, bar graphs and line graphs.

Obtaining simple statistics from discrete and continuous data, including mean, median, mode, quartiles, range, interquartile range.

Calculating probabilities of simple events.

**Physics**

**SI units.**How to convert units from one unit system to another.**Vectors.**Scalars. Graphical representation of vectors. Examples of vectors. Addition of vectors and subtraction of vector**Forces.**NET force. Force diagrams. Newton’s laws of motion. Normal force. Friction force. Tension.**Motion.**Displacement, speed, velocity, and acceleration. Displacement-time graphs. Velocity-time graphs. Acceleration-time graphs. Circular motion. Linear motion equations**Momentum.**Impulse. Law of conservation of linear momentum. Elastic and inelastic collisions.**Work and energy**. Types of energy. Mechanical energy. Law of conservation of mechanical energy. Power.**Newtonian Gravitation.**Mass and weight. Falling bodies.**Simple Harmonic Motion.**Vibrating mass on a spring. Simple pendulums.**Waves.**Properties and types of waves. Transverse and longitudinal waves. Characteristics of waves (amplitude, wavelength, period, frequency, speed).-
**Sound.**Nature of sound. Ultrasounds. Speed of sound. -
**Gasses .**Ideal gasses. Pressure of a gas. Kinetic theory of gasses. -
**Solids.**Deformation of solids . Strain, stress. Elastic behavior. -
**Fluids.**Pressure. Archimedes' principle. Buoyancy. Flotation. Pascal's Principle -
**Properties of matter.**Phases of matter. Density. Change of phase. **Heat.**Temperature. Thermal expansion. Heat and temperature change: specific heat capacity. Heat and phase change: latent heat. Heat transfer. Temperature scale.**Electrostatics.**Charge. Coulomb’s law. Electric field. Electrical potential. Strength of the electric field.-
**Electricity.**Voltage, current and resistance. Ohm’s law. Power in electric circuits. Capacitor. Capacitance. Series and parallel circuits. Kirchhoff’s rules. -
**Magnetism.**Magnetic fields. Long, straight current-carrying wires. Moving charged particles in magnetic field. -
**The electromagnetic spectrum.**Nature of electromagnetic waves. Speed of light. -
**Geometrical optics.**Lenses. Curved mirrors. Ray diagrams. Magniﬁcation. Refraction. Reﬂection. Law of reﬂection. Law of refraction. Splitting of white light. **The Atom.**Structure of the atom. Isotopes. Ionization energy.-
**Radioactivity.**Decay law. Danger of the ionizing radiation. Nuclear α, β, and γ rays.

**Chemistry**

**1 Matter and measurement **

The metric system

Mass

Length

Volume

Density

Temperature

Three states of matter

**2 The composition of matter **

The atom

Charge

Atomic number

Atomic mass

The structure of atoms

Isotopes

Elements

Atomic weight

The periodic table

**3 Chemical bonding **

The chemical bond

Covalent bonding

The molecule

Polar covalent bonds

Valence

Naming covalent compounds

Ions

Charges of ions

Ionic bonds

**4 Compounds and chemical change**

Formula or molecular weight of compounds

The mole

Chemical reactions

Balancing chemical equations

Interpreting equations

Calculations based on equations

Types of reactions

Oxidation-reduction reactions

Energy and chemical reactions

Reversibility of reactions

Rate of a reaction

**5 Gases and respiration **

Kinetic molecular theory

Diffusion

Temperature

Pressure

The gas laws: pressure and volume

The gas laws: pressure and temperature

The gas laws: volume and temperature

The gas laws: the quantity of gas

Air and partial pressures

**6 Water **

The structure of water

Kinetic theory of liquids and solids

Evaporation

Heat and the states of water

Density

Surface tension

Viscosity

Water pressure

**7 Solutions **

Types of solutions

The process of dissolving

Solubility of solids

Saturation

The solubility of liquids and gases

Concentration of solutions—percentage

Molarity

Dilution of solutions

Osmosis

Colloids

**8 Acids, bases, and salts**

Acids

Properties of acids

Bases

Properties of bases

The pH of acids and bases

Measurement of pH

Neutralization

Salts and hydrolysis

Buffers

**9 Organic chemistry—hydrocarbons **

Alkanes

Reactions of alkanes

Alkenes

Reactions of alkenes

Alkynes

Cycloalkanes

Aromatic hydrocarbons—benzene

Properties of benzene

Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons

**10 Oxygen derivatives of the hydrocarbons **

Functional groups

Alcohols

Examples of alcohols

Reactions of alcohols

Ethers

Reactions of ethers

Aldehydes

Reactions of aldehydes

Ketones

Acids

Reactions of acids

Esters

Reactions of esters

**11 Other organic derivatives and polymers **

Halogen derivatives

Sulfur derivatives

Nitrogen derivatives—amines

Reactions of amines

Nitrogen derivatives—amides

Heterocyclic nitrogen compounds

Nitrogen derivatives—alkaloids

Other nitrogen derivatives

Organic polymers

Addition polymers

Condensation polymers

**12 Carbohydrates **

Classification of carbohydrates

Monosaccharides

Open and closed forms of monosaccharides

Glucose

Other hexoses—galactose and fructose

Disaccharides

Polysaccharides

Reactions of carbohydrates

Optical isomers and carbohydrates

**13 Lipids **

Fatty acids

Soaps and detergents

Waxes

Fats and oils

Properties of fats and oils

**14 Proteins **

The amino acids

Properties of amino acids

Primary structure of proteins

Secondary structure of proteins

Tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins

Examples of protein structure

Classification of proteins

Properties of proteins

Denaturation of proteins

**15 Basic mathematics for chemistry **

Fractions, decimals, and percent

Scientific (exponential) notation

Proportions and algebra

The unit-factor method

Metric system conversions

Conversions within the metric system

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### Events

### The MUL Commencement Ceremony for students of the English Language Division

The MUL Commencement Ceremony for students of the II Faculty of Medicine with English Language Division was held on June 13th 2019 in the Opera Hall of Centre for the Meeting of... more

### Students' success during medical competition in Novosibirsk

On April 20-23, students of the Medical University of Lublin took part in the International Medical Tournament 2018... more